Malbec wine and Mendoza. The two are inextricably entwined. Mendoza (photos) is unquestionably the wine capital of Argentina. There are over 1,000 wineries in the Mendoza province that are responsible for about 70% of the total wine output for Argentina. The Malbec wines put Argentina on the map in the wine world but Mendoza is producing a wide variety of red and white wines.
The fact that anything at all can grow in Mendoza is owed to a network of irrigation canals or acequias. Mendoza gets very little rainfall, less than 8 inches annually. All of the vineyards and the entire town get their water from these canals which are supplied with water from the nearby Andes precordilleras or foothills.